Bowden was off-duty when the collision happened around 3:05 p.m.
A six-year veteran with the department, Bowden had a 10-year-old son and a 4-year- old daughter.
The woman in the other car was taken to the hospital with non-life threatening injuries.
The crash comes two months after a fatal collision involving another county police officer, Adrian Morris, who died in August after his police cruiser ran off the highway and crashed during the chase of a suspect.
Branch Avenue at Surratts Road was being diverted onto 301, but is now open.
On Friday at 11:30 a.m., Chief Mark Magaw will provide an update from Police Headquarters.
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