Tata Motors has been manufacturing automobiles in India since 1954, however over the past several years they have become a major player in the global automaker landscape. So far in 2013, shares of the company have fallen by over 23% at a time when most other stocks seem to be making new highs daily. The main reason for the decline is the news that India’s auto sales are now projected to fall in 2013 for the first time in a decade. With a great market share and an expanding range of vehicles, is this a good time to get into Tata at a bargain, or should investors wait out the economic slowdown in India before jumping in?
Tata has historically been a manufacturer of commercial vehicles; however its recent notoriety has come from its passenger vehicle division. For those who are not too familiar with Tata’s lineup, they currently produce 14 models of passenger vehicles, including the Nano, which catapulted Tata to relevance.
The Nano: Game Changer
Introduced in 2008, the Nano was the least expensive production car in the world at under $3,000 U.S. The current base price for the Nano is around 150,000 rupees, or about $2,750. Tata intended for the Nano to do for the Indian middle class what the Ford Model T did for the middle class of the United States when it was introduced. Although sales of the Nano were slow at first, the increase in emphasis on affordable passenger cars has been a success, as evidenced by Tata’s revenues, and the company has a nice 25.2% market share of all four-wheeled vehicles sold in India.
In my humble opinion, since the Nano is still the cheapest new car available in India, Tata is in a great position to capture new market share despite the slowing new vehicle sales in India. The slowdown is due to a combination of an economic slowdown in India combined with high loan interest rates. In an environment like this, the lowest cost options usually win. This is the same reason that Wal-Mart was one of the best performers during the U.S. financial crisis.
Tata has grown tremendously over the past decade, largely as a result of acquisitions, in addition to the success of their own passenger car division. The most notable of these, especially for U.S. investors, is Tata’s acquisition of the Jaguar and Land Rover brands from Ford in 2008. Since taking over the brands, Jaguar Land Rover (the subsidiary’s name) has produces such new vehicles as the Range Rover Evoque and Jaguar F-Type.
Cheapest Cars in the United States??
Tata also plans to grow by focusing on expanding its international operations in new markets all over the world, including the United States, where Tata would love to become a major player. A few months ago, Tata announced that it was redesigning the Nano for the U.S. market, and plans on selling it within three years.
Although by upgrading the Nano to meet U.S. standards will mean a significantly higher price tag then it has in India, the Nano will still be very inexpensive. Changes that must be made, such as emission controls, safety features, and conveniences such as power steering, traction control, and a bigger engine should bring the Nano’s base price to around $8,000. This would make the Nano America’s cheapest car by a large margin, as the next cheapest new car is the $11,750 Nissan Versa.
How to Play the Auto Sector
The right automaker for your portfolio depends on your risk level, as well as what direction you think consumer spending habits are heading. Tata is a fantastic choice if you believe (as I do) that the decline in India’s auto sales is temporary and that the increase in middle-class spending will continue. I also think that Tata is a great investment before the U.S. version of the Nano is released, which I believe will be a great success here.
Valuation and Alternatives
Tata is a relatively high-risk way to play the sector, and its low valuation of less than 9 times forward earnings is evidence of this.
If you want a safer, more traditional approach to the auto industry, Toyota may be the way to go. The largest automaker in the world, Toyota makes a great product and is a very stable company, and shares trade at a premium valuation of 15.1 times forward earnings. As stated before, Toyota is possibly the safest way to play the auto industry, and should provide shareholders with nice, steady returns over the next few years.