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AP Interview: Abe chided for querying war apology

Saturday - 6/29/2013, 5:01am  ET

FILE - In this April 25, 2007 file photo, then-Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, left, and Lower House Speaker Yohei Kono look at a tree during a tree planting ceremony to mark the 60th anniversary of the constitution of Japan that went into effect in 1947 at the Constitutional Government Memorial Hall in Tokyo. Retired politician Kono, who played a major role in the early 1990s helping Japan confront its wartime past and establish warmer ties with its Asian neighbors during years leading up to the milestone 50th anniversary of the end of World War II, said Abe’s suggestion he wants to revise two apologies - including a 1995 statement expressing regret for Japan’s wartime aggression and commitment to peace - risks setting back by decades relations with China and South Korea, in an interview on Tuesday, June 25, 2013. (AP Photo/Junji Kurokawa, File)

MARI YAMAGUCHI
Associated Press

TOKYO (AP) -- A retired Japanese politician whose name is on a landmark 1993 apology over Japan's use of wartime sex slaves says Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's attempts to downplay Japan's actions before and during World War II have hurt the country's global image and could undermine its pacifist pledge.

Yohei Kono played a major role in the early 1990s helping Japan confront its wartime past and establish warmer ties with its Asian neighbors during years leading up to the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II.

He said in a rare interview with The Associated Press this week that Abe's suggestion that he wanted to revise two apologies -- including a 1995 statement expressing regret for Japan's wartime aggression and commitment to peace-- risks setting back by decades relations with China and South Korea.

If the apologies are changed, "Japan will be isolated from the international community. That much is clear," the 76-year-old Kono said. "I'm afraid he (Abe) is underestimating a possible impact of his comments" on Japan's diplomacy.

Abe has alarmed China and South Korea by suggesting that he would like to revise Japan's pacifist constitution so that Japan's military can operate with more freedom. Kono, too, is concerned about this push and says Abe's government needs to fully accept that Japan is geopolitically part of Asia, and has no choice but to deepen ties with China and South Korea.

"You say it's hard to get along with them, or there is complicated history. Even so, we must overcome the difficulty and be friends. It's crucial to keep that in mind and make efforts, and prioritize that before anything," said Kono, who retired four years ago after 42 years at the top of Japan's political world.

As Chief Cabinet Secretary in the early 1990s, Kono was a relatively liberal-leaning politician within the generally conservative Liberal Democratic Party. He helped craft -- and read to the public on Aug. 4, 1993 -- what has come to be called the "Kono Statement" apologizing for "immeasurable pain and incurable physical and psychological wounds" inflicted on thousands of "comfort women," mostly Korean but also from China, the Philippines, Indonesia and the Netherlands.

The statement -- the government's most thorough apology on the matter -- won praise in Asia and elsewhere outside Japan, but faced some criticism at home from conservatives, including members of Kono's former party, which has become increasingly right-wing.

An earlier statement by his predecessor Koichi Kato in 1992 acknowledged a limited government role in the brothel operation and recruitment of the women, but was not considered a full apology and prompted South Korea to demand more. That led to a further investigation by Japan and a fuller apology in the Kono statement that acknowledged coercion used on many of the women -- the part that most upsets opponents of the apology.

Abe has questioned parts of the apology that say many of the women were coerced into providing sex for Japanese soldiers, saying there is no official record to prove that. He has suggested that he would like it revised, but after recent criticism now says he accepts it.

He has said his Cabinet does not necessarily support all of the 1995 apology by then-Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama, Japan's main expression of remorse for its wartime and colonial past and pledge to peace and elimination of "self-righteous nationalism."

Abe has also upset China and South Korea by repeatedly saying that there is no clear definition of "aggression." He has campaigned for a "departure from post-war regime," which virtually means a revision of the education and social values introduced by the 1945-1952 U.S. occupation era.

That comes along with other nationalistic actions by his government, including the April visit by several government ministers and nearly 170 lawmakers to Tokyo's Yasukuni war shrine, which memorializes 2.3 million war dead, including 14 leaders convicted of war crimes.

Kono also deplored comments last month by Osaka's outspoken mayor, Toru Hashimoto, who said that using women as sex slaves during the war was considered "necessary" to instill discipline and provide relief for battle-weary soldiers.

"Those nationalistic comments sound vigorous in Japan but they are not acceptable outside the country. Absolutely not," Kono said.

"That dealt considerable damage to Japan's national interest," he said. "You must ask yourself if you can say those things to the international society.... Would you say that to people in Beijing or Seoul?"

Historians say up to 200,000 women from across Asia were forced to provide sex for Japanese soldiers. Some of the surviving women, particularly Korean victims, have demanded an apology approved by parliament and official compensation from the government. Tokyo has resisted, saying war reparations with South Korea were dealt with in treaties restoring relations after the war. In 1995, Tokyo created a fund using private donations as a way for Japan to pay former sex slaves without providing official compensation.

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