The Associated Press
JOHANNESBURG (AP) -- A glance at the history of South Africa's governing African National Congress political party:
--1912: Founding of South African Native National Congress, precursor to the ANC.
--1923: Name changed to African National Congress.
--1955: The Congress Alliance -- of the ANC and Indian, mixed-race and white organizations -- holds the Congress of the People in Soweto. Congress adopts the Freedom Charter calling for a nonracial democracy and a socialist-based economy.
--1956: Nelson Mandela and 155 other South Africans of all races who had supported the Freedom Charter charged with treason. All acquitted after a four-year trial.
--1959: Robert Sobukwe leads breakaway faction from the ANC, forming Pan Africanist Congress, now a minor political player in South Africa.
--1960: ANC banned.
--1961: Founding of ANC's guerrilla wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, or Spear of the Nation.
--1964: Mandela found guilty of sabotage at Rivonia Trial and sentenced to life imprisonment.
--1990: ANC and other groups unbanned; Mandela released.
--1991: Mandela elected president of ANC. The government, ANC and 17 other political groups begin formal negotiations on a new constitution.
--1993: Draft constitution adopted.
--1994: ANC wins first all-race elections; Mandela becomes president; ANC's armed wing absorbed into national defense forces.
--1999: Thabo Mbeki succeeds Mandela as the country's president.
--2007: ANC elects Jacob Zuma as party president over Mbeki, putting Zuma in line to run for the presidency.
--2009: ANC sweeps parliamentary elections and Zuma becomes president.
--2011: ANC fires Youth League leader Julius Malema and suspends him from the party for five years.
--2012: ANC marks its 100th anniversary, holds party convention to pick its next leader.
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