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Top negotiators at Colombia talks met before

Sunday - 11/18/2012, 4:08pm  ET

Humberto de la Calle, second from left, head of Colombia's peace negotiation team, speaks to journalists before embarking to Havana for a round of peace talks with rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, FARC, at the military airport in Bogota, Colombia, Sunday, Nov. 18, 2012. His is accompanied by government negotiators Sergio Jaramillo, right, former Gen. Jorge Mora, right, and Frank Pearl, second from right. (AP Photo/William Fernando Martinez)

Associated Press

BOGOTA, Colombia (AP) -- The two chief negotiators didn't shake hands. They didn't even look at each other as they formally inaugurated talks to end Colombia's stubborn five-decade-old conflict in Norway last month.

On Monday, the rebel former seminarian known as Ivan Marquez and government representative Humberto de la Calle, a sage veteran of Colombian politics, will sit down in Havana to negotiate in earnest.

The two have little in common other than eyeglasses, a slight paunch and a previous failed attempt to talk peace.

"The men sitting down at this table are enemies. They are trying to become friends," said Horacio Serpa, who was Colombia's interior minister during the mid-1990s when De la Calle was vice president.

Marquez and De la Calle offered very different views of reality in Oslo that made many wonder whether this fourth attempt at peace since the 1980s can succeed.

The No. 2 commander in the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia insisted on radical change: Take control of the nation's oil and mineral wealth from multinationals and give it to the people.

De la Calle said Colombia's economic model is not subject to negotiation. The government he represents, led by President Juan Manuel Santos, seeks greater foreign investment in mining industries while also promising to return millions or acres of stolen land to displaced peasants.

Marquez's 9,000-strong insurgency, meanwhile, is being asked as a condition of peace to help end the cocaine trade that has funded its struggle. Colombians also want it to account for the dozens of ransom kidnap victims who have disappeared in its custody and other noncombatants it is accused of killing.

Neither side has illusions about the difficulties. But there is an agenda, reached in seven months of secret talks, also in Havana. First up is land reform, the heart of the conflict.

The 66-year-old De la Calle is best known for quitting as vice president in 1996 after his boss, President Ernesto Samper, was accused of winning the presidency with $6 million in contributions from the Cali cocaine cartel. De la Calle is from Manazares, a coffee-growing town in Caldas state.

Marquez, 57, hails from Florencia, the capital of the southern state of Caqueta that has long been a bastion of the rebel movement known by its Spanish initials FARC.

Born Luciano Marin Arango, Marquez took his nom de guerre from a labor leader assassinated in the 1980s. He studied to be a priest in Garzon, in the central state of Huila, but dropped out after two years. He later studied philosophy in Bogota but didn't finish that either, and after two years as a biology teacher in Florencia joined the Communist Youth in 1977.

De la Calle was a law school dean at the time. In 1982, he was named head of Colombia's national elections commission and held the job when Marquez ran in 1986 as an alternate for Congress on the ticket of the Patriotic Union, the political wing that the FARC created after reaching a truce with the government.

It was a dangerous time to be a Patriotic Union activist. At least 3,000 members were systematically slaughtered by right-wing death squads, and Marquez was among many who joined the armed rebels. A movement that barely surpassed 1,000 fighters at the beginning of the 1980s began growing quickly.

Carlos Romero, the Patriotic Union's president in 1989, remembers Marquez as quiet and industrious, organizing meetings and documents in a subsidiary role to Alfonso Cano, who would later become the FARC's top commander and was tracked down and killed last year by the military.

De la Calle became a Supreme Court justice, then entered politics. After losing the Liberal Party presidential nomination to Samper, he became Samper's running mate, but quit in the heat of a drug-related finance scandal.

It was a time of disintegrating government control of the countryside, of historic FARC victories over a dispirited military, when private far-right militias known as paramilitaries massacred suspected rebel sympathizers.

De la Calle, who is married with three children, took refuge from his agitated public life by being "in love with literature, with poetry ... a lover of good music, both classical and Colombian," said Carlos Holmes, a friend and former education minister.

Little is known of Marquez's private life except that he has eight siblings and three children from a marriage that pre-dated his life as a fugitive, according to government intelligence officials who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the matter. They said Marquez operated as a rebel commander in the Caribbean banana-growing region of Uraba, where the FARC took a beating from paramilitaries and murders of union organizers by right-wing death squads were rampant.

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