Getting money for your first down payment
Barry Glassman, Glassman Wealth Services
WTOP Financial Contributor
WASHINGTON -- Buying a home for the first time can be both an exhilarating and scary experience. While there are many challenges to making the purchase, the highest hurdle for many is saving enough for the down payment.
From the early 2000s until the crash of the housing and financial markets in 2008, lenders had relaxed their requirements to the point that many homebuyers didn't need much of a down payment, if at all. While those times of easy credit are over, people can, once again, put down less than 20 percent when buying a home. Interest rates remain historically low making this an excellent time to buy a home.
What most people don't know, however, is that the D.C. metro area has many programs designed to give a leg up to first-time homebuyers. Virginia just announced their First Time Home Savings Plan that provides tax incentives to help more first-time buyers make the move. In fact, I was pleasantly surprised at how many programs are also available in D.C. and Maryland with incentives for home buyers. I've listed many of these later in this article.
While a saving for a down payment that could be in the tens-of-thousands may seem daunting, there are many ways to save, and you may need to be creative to meet your savings goal.
- Save more: Consider cutting back on your everyday expenses.
you can live without until you have enough saved. Managing your money has never
been easier. With online banking and apps to help you know what you're spending,
this information is literally at your fingertips. Here's a great resource to find
the right app: Top 3 Financial Apps for Managing Money.
- Generate more income: Even if a second job is temporary to meet this
if it's possible (and often isn't), this will help you reach the goal sooner.
Once you have enough saved, you can say so long to your second employer.
- Sell something: Maybe you can do without a car (or second car) or have
other valuables, like jewelry or collectibles that you can live without. These may
add thousands to your down payment war chest.
- Borrow it: You may be fortunate enough to have a relative or friend who is willing to lend you the money. Some states, like Virginia, even allow a parent or friend to establish an account to gift someone the money for a first-time home purchase. They benefit, too, since they don't have to pay state tax on the interest or capital gains earned on those funds.
Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia can help first-time homebuyers save literally thousands of dollars. I've listed several of these programs in our area with links to their websites for more information.
- Save up to $50,000 in an account
- Earnings on those funds - interest and capital gains - are free from state taxes forever
- Accounts can grow up to $150,000
- Must be a first-time home buyer
- No income limit for eligibility
- A parent, grandparent, friend, etc., can put money into the account and give it to a first-time home purchaser
- Can use money to pay for another person's closing costs as long as they are a first-time homebuyer
- Can claim FHSP status as part of tax return to be exempt from state tax as they accumulate funds over time in the account to be used for first-time home purchase
- Provides down payment assistance to homeowners who may exceed the income levels of other assistance programs.
- Individuals earning up to $123,395/year are eligible
- Need to have a credit score of 640 or higher and a maximum debt-to-income ratio of 45 percent.
- Program offers loans up to 3.5 percent of the home price to be used as a down payment
- 20 percent of loan is forgiven for each year the homeowner stays in the home
- Eligible first-time homebuyers or those who have not owned any residential real estate within three years of the application
- They can receive interest-free loans (up to $40,000) and help with closing costs (up to $4,000)
- There's a long eligibility list some of which includes: head of household and first-time home buyer; low-to-moderate income resident; cannot have owned real estate within the past three years; must be used to purchase the borrower's primary residence which must be in the District, etc.
- For first-time homebuyers who work in D.C.
- Match down payment up to $1,500
- Loan deferral up to $10,000
- Income property tax credits for first five years
- Max price for house - $417,000
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