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Dr. Pawz: Katy's 10 tips for choosing the right pet food, Part 2

Wednesday - 5/8/2013, 9:20am  ET

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As a good pet parent, you already know your pet needs to be eating nutritionally complete and balanced food. (Thinkstock)

Dr. Katy Nelson, wtop.com

Editor's note: Last week, Dr. Katy Nelson gave us five tips for choosing the right pet food. Now, she is back with the second part of her mini-series on feeding your pet.

WASHINGTON - As a good pet parent, you already know your pet needs to be eating nutritionally complete and balanced food. But with so many diets out there, how do you choose the perfect one for your pet?

As a veterinarian for 12 years, and a total nutrition nerd, here are my tips for choosing the right diet that will nurture your pet.

  1. Approximately 50-60 percent of household pets in the United States are overweight or obese. This is largely due to the over-consumption of commercial diets. Reading the caloric content of commercial foods can be intimidating due to the verbiage used on pet food labels. It is often much easier to view and interpret nutritional information on the pet food company's website. Remember to reduce the recommended caloric intake by approximately 25 percent for spayed or neutered pets to maintain an appropriate weight.

  2. For cats, consuming at least 50 percent of their daily caloric requirement in the form of canned food has been shown to help them maintain a healthier weight and a healthier urinary tract. This is due to the higher protein and water content in canned foods as compared to dry foods. Cats are obligate carnivores, so they do not metabolize carbohydrates efficiently. The average cat is going to be healthier on a higher protein, lower carbohydrate type diet. Always discuss diet changes with your veterinarian before implementing a new routine.

  3. When feeding a complete and balanced commercial diet, nutritional supplements such as vitamins, are not usually required. However, pets of an advanced age, with certain disease conditions or of particular breeds, may benefit from dietary supplementation. Talk with your veterinarian to see if supplementing with additional antioxidants, fish oils, or joint supplements may improve your pets' health.

  4. Finally, any time you make the decision to change your pets' diet, do so slowly. Aim for a 7-10 day transition where you slowly add more and more of the new diet and slowly take away the old diet until your pet is completely switched over. By doing this, you should be able to avoid any gastrointestinal upset that would be expected with an abrupt change.

Dr. Katy Nelson is an emergency veterinarian in Alexandria, Va. Tune in to "The Pet Show" with Dr. Katy every Saturday at 11 a.m. on Washington D.C.'s News Channel 8, and listen on WTOP for her Dr. Pawz segments every two weeks. Have questions for Dr. Katy? You can follow her on Twitter @drkatynelson, on Facebook or email her at askdrkaty@wtop.com.

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